A Very Distorted and Very Evasive Response, by “Ato Yemane Gebreab,

the Presidential Adviser to the Eritrean PFDJ’s Regime“, to the Very Right

Accusation of the “Commission of Enquiry“of the United Nations, to the Eritrean

Regime, of having “Committed and Committing Crimes against Humanity“,

Part One:

In a “Press Statement, the President’s Adviser of the State of Eritrea, Ato Yemane Gebreab“, gave his Response, to the “Accusation of the United Nations’, to the Eritrean government of “Committing Crimes against Humanity“, based on the “Report, by the UN Commission of Enquiry“, on his part, accusing, instead, the UN more, of “lying and campaigning against the Eritrean Country“.


The fact is that, the accusation that the Eritrean PFDJ’s regime “Committed Crimes against Humanity“, is witnessed and reported by many Eritrean people themselves, and the UN’s “Commission of Enquiry, (COE)“, did nothing more than collecting, those accusations, as the Eritrean people themselves, had reported them.


To the UN’s “Commission of Enquiry’s“statement that it “has reasonable grounds to believe that crimes against humanity have been committed, in Eritrea, since 1991“, Ato Yemane Gebreab responded that, “yet it has no solid evidence or firm legal basis to Support its extreme and unfounded charges“.


According to a report, delivered, long time ago, by a member of the regime’s security apparatus itself, the “government, (PFDJ), has always nourished hatred and has always had an evil thought upon these people“(the Kunama people) “

Already, at the time of the former governor, in the Kunama land, the late Al-Said Mustafa Nurhussein, and Gen. Filippos W/Yohannis, “70 members of the Kunama ethnic-group had been imprisoned and later secretly eliminated“; thus beginning a clear and a very systematic genocidal policy, that has been continuing ever since and even now.


Added to these, “around 250 Kunama of all ages, including mothers with their little children were sentenced 1-20 years imprisonment in Adiquala“, of which end, is known only to God.


The sufferings and killings of the Kunama and of the Afar people, began in the initial years of the PFDJ regime’s rule and is still carrying on up to these very days.


The cruelest act of “Crime against Humanity“ was committed in 2006-2007, when twenty-six, (26), Kunama prisoners, were “mass-poisoned, mass-murdered and buried in a mass-grave “, in a town called, Maiduma, which, Ato Yemane Gebreab never cared, even to mention it, though it was witnessed and confirmed by two members of the regime’s military itself and recently reported by the “COEand repeated by the official of the UN.

Only such murders of the regime, upon the Kunama and equally, upon the Afar people, surpass the PFDJ regime’s “Crime against Humanity“.

Ato Yemane Gebreab went on to state that, “the report of COE, fails to meet the principles of impartiality, objectivity and non-selectivity, as laid out in the guidelines of the UNs. It also lacks the minimum standards of rigor and professionalism“.

Ato Yemane Gebreab uses many high-soundings and very negative terminologies, as if these would decrease or minimize, whatever his PDFJ’s regime has been “Committing those Crime against Humanity“ upon the Eritrean people in general, and upon the Afar and the Kunama nationalities, in particular.



Ato Yemane Gebreab states that, “the methodology the COI, (COE), followed in its work is so deeply flawed as to seriously compromise its findings and render its conclusions null and void“.


This gentleman ignores the fact that, the denying only of the accusations, of any wrong-doing, is not enough, unless counter pieces of evidence are raised to prove otherwise.

As said, the simple denying of the fact, without any counter piece of palpable evidence to challenge it, is more to prove that they are, instead, the interlocutor’s statements which “render his conclusions null and void“.


Continuing his diatribe, Ato Yemane Gebreab, mentions of a rather long, but independently non-substantiated document, challenging “COE’s findings“.

Based on that not-independently proven document, Ato Yemane Gebreab, states disapprovable serious charges and reports that, “first, the COI, (COE), has been entirely one-sided. It was only interested in one side of the story and only talked to people who agreed with its predetermined conclusion. It bases its sweeping and extreme allegations on the testimony of 500 refugees and asylum-seekers, with unknown identity, while, disregarding the testimony of 42,000 Diaspora Eritreans living, in over 20 countries who contested its well-known biases. It also ignored the request of 856 Eritreans who asked to appear in person in Geneva to present their testimonies, after promising that it would give them a hearing“.


Though, Ato Yemane Gebreab reports, the “testimony of 42,000 Diaspora Eritreans, living in over 20 countries who contested its well-known biases and also ignored the request of 856 Eritreans who asked to appear in person in Geneva to present their testimonies, after promising it would give them a hearing“, it failed to document the sources and who and how had, he/she, collected those “testimonies“and presented them to the UN’s

Department in Geneva, to be first “accepted“and then “ignored“.


The result of the “Commission of Enquiry“, of the UN, though, by Ato Yemane Gebreab, defined as biased“, it had been very accurate and not missing, any details, such as, the PFDJ regime’s on-going persecutions of the Afar and Kunama nationalities, as Ato Yemane Gebreab, had very deliberately, ignored.



Ato Yemane Gebreab goes on to state:

Secondly, the COI, (COE), standard of evaluating the solidity of the information it received and the evidence it was provided has been woefully inadequate. This has led it to make patently false and easily disapprovable serious charges against Eritrea. To cite just one example, the COI, (COE), has charged that Eritreans live in fear and are unable to voice their opinions, while journalists who visited the country have reported that they are able to speak freely and on camera with people, in Eritrrea.

Consequently, almost all the evidence that the COI, (COE), claims underpinning its accusations against Eritrea do not stand the minimum standard of proof“.


Once again, Ato Yeamne Gebreab, dwindles more, in the use of negative nouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbrs, etc… , but evading the main point of the matte: the accusation of “Committing Crimes against Humanity“.

For instance, he likes to build his arguments very superficially and on matters not raised by the COE. Again, for instance, he randomly states: “Solidity of information, woefully inadequate, patently false, the minimum standard of proof“, to tarnish the COE’s report, but he does not counter attack it with prevailing proofs.

Most Eritreans, especially, the younger generations, now fleeing the country, report that, life is Eritrea has become very unbearable, due to PFDJ regime’s very “tight control“.


Continuing his response, Ato Yemane Gebreab contorted:

thirdly, the COI, (COE), lacks all balance as it stubbornly refuses to acknowledge and meaningfully incorporate in its report Eritrea’s achievements in the protection and consolidation of human rights as well as any positive “development“ inthe country.

To begin with, the COI, (COE), completely ignores the assessment of the status of social, economic, cultural rights in Eritrea. This is in contravention of the United Nations Declaration of Human Rights, which accords equal importance to all rights.

It also makes the Commission’s report one-sided, biased and incomplete.

It is not difficult to gather that the COI, (COE), decided to ignore a whole category of human right precisely, because Eritrea’s record is impressive and reporting on them would not tally with the picture the COI, (COE) wants to paint.


Ato Yemane Gebreab fails to understand that, the COE‘s main mission was to find out, prove and report how seriously bad, was the human rights condition in Eritrea, and its findings proved that the PFDJ’s regime has been “Committing Crime against Humanity“, since the beginning of its rule. Just as simple as that.

Ato Yemane Gebreab, instead, expected the COE to acknowledge“ and “incorporate, inits report, Eritrea’s achievements in the protection and consolidation of human rights as well as any positive development in the country.

To our view, Ato Yemane Gebreab should have tried to prove, convincingly, that the PFDJ’s regime has not been “Committing Crime against Humanity“; against the Eritrean people, in general, and against the Afar and the Kunama populations, in particular, as the COE had found out and reported it.

As said, the COE’s main objective, was to gather enough pieces of information and of evidence, to accuse the PFDJ’s regime of “Committind Crime against Humanity“.

Ato Yemane Gebreab, evasively, shifted his argument on the “status of social, economic and cultural rights in Eritrea“.

Socially“: the Eritrean nation and the Eritrean people, as witnessed and reported by many Eritreans themselves, have been reduced into a servile status.

Economically“, the Eritrean people have been reduced into a downtrodden status.

Culturally, according to the PDFJ regime’s basic socio-political principle, the Eritrean nation is to be transformed into an artificial nation and consequently the Eiritrean diverse society, is forced to change into a uniformed, homogeneous and deprived of any culturo-linguistic identity. Such ideology and principle could be implemented only forcelly, thus raising resentments and hatred among the various Eritrean ethnic and culturo- linguistic diverse populations. After all, such ideology, is based on the PFDJ regime’s, long held, socio-political principle of “hade Hizbi, hade Libbi = one people one heart“.

Under such a coersive system, aimed at depriving one, an ethnic-group, an entire population, of his/her/their cultural heritage, one cannot talk of one’s own cultural development, but forced to undergo the development of a sub-culture, intended to reduce one, into a robot-like half-being.


It is absolutely, untrue that, as Ato Yemane Gerbreab states, “Eritrea’s significant achievement in political and civic rights, including the renewed commitment to and strong measures, taken to consolidate the rights of citizens in general, and of women, children and the disabled, in particular, had likewise been ignored by the COI, (COE“. The whole issue, on which, the COE’s research and report were based on the Eritrean regime’s “Crime against Humanity“, and therefore, Ato Yemane Gebreab, extending his arguments, to cover, uncalled for issues, like, “the rights of women, children and the disabled“, were not only, superfluous, but, indeed, adding and confirming that, the Eritrean regime’s Crime against Humanity“ had committed also against women, children and the disabled“, as reported in the past, and in many occasions.


Other superfluous and uncalled for, issues, Ato Yemane Gebreab, raised, were: “the efforts to strengthen the judicial system by the promulgation of news, improved laws and efforts to build institutional capacity from the community court and up;


On-going efforts to address the needs and meet the aspirations of young people, to empower them and to provide them adequate opportunities for them;


The setting up of a commission to undertake the process of drafting and ratifying the country’s constitution;


The serious engagement with UPRprocess and its acceptance of 92 recommendations, which is already implementing;


The co-operation with the UN and the Office of the High Commisioner for Human Rights to consolidate human rights in Eritrea“.

The activities, the Eritrean government is said to have conducted or is conducting, according to Ato Yeamane Gebreab’s statements, are neither requested by the COE, as proofs that the PDFDJ’s regime, did not “Commit Crime against Humanity“, nor are there to demonstrate how many social activities, the regime is engaged in, as Ato Yemane seems to intend .

As a matter of fact, many of those activities of the regime, are not there, or are there, having just the opposite results.

For example, “the efforts to strengthen the judicial system“, means that, it has not been “strengthened“ to improve, and conform itself with the level of international judicial system, very conscious of “human right“, but indeed, to deviate completely from it, and, become, instead, still harsher and clearly violating human rights.


If it is true that “on-going efforts to address the needs and meet the aspirations of young people, to empower them and to provide adequate opportunities for them and provide them adequate opportunities for them“, how come that so many young Eritreans are fleeing the country and choosing to drowning in the Mediterranean-sea, rather than remain in the country and utilise those empty promises, Ato Yemane Gebreab states them to exist and being available.


  1. Not learning enough lesson, from the previous “Constitution of 1997“, and its failure, either to be accepted by the Eritrean people or implemented by the PFDG regime’s itself, Ato Yemene Gebreab, reveals the writing in progress, of a new “Eritrean Constitution“.


Finally, Ato Yemane Gebreab, raised many unnecessary and uncalled for matters, which have nothing to do with the main accusation of his government, “Committing Crime against Humanity“.

Such accusation originated from the many Eritrean individual witnesses, the COE, had taken time and patience to collect them.

The Voice of the Kunama People/Kunama Agara Mena, (VKP/KAM).

July 20, 2016.